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Schleswig and Holstein have, in different points in time, either belonged to Germany, Denmark or were independent. In 1721 all of Schleswig was united as a Duchy under the Kingdom of Denmark. Holstein and Southern Schleswig pressured to become a part of Prussia and were pro-Germans, while the Northern region was still much linked to the Danish. Wars followed and the region was annexed by the Germans, although the idea of holding a referendum existed already in the second half of the XVIII century.
The referendum finally took place after World War One, in accordance to the establishments in the Treaty of Versailles, in north and central Schleswig – since the southern part was clearly pro-German. The north of the territory chose to be annexed to Denmark once again, while the central part remained German. Schleswig-Holstein is today the northernmost German state.
Launched in the 25th of January of 1920, the plebiscite stamp no. 1 features the local coat of arms, with ‘Plebiscit’ written in the top, and ‘Slesvig’ at the bottom between the denominations. It was letter pressed and watermarked. Perforated 14:14 ½, rough perforations are also known, and these changes the stamp value. Zone 1 (the northern part) had the issues overprinted “1. Zone” after the plebiscite results, and were issued in 20/28th of May of 1920 to circulate while the change to Danish stamps was not finalized. Both the first issue and the overprinted versions are mostly very common stamps.
Catalogue Value: Unused *, Used *
* 0.1 - 49 USD
** 50 - 99 USD
*** 100 - 499 USD
**** 500 - 999 USD
***** 1'000 - 9'999 USD
****** + 10'0000 USD
The First Issues Blog is a place to discuss about the stamp number 1 of each country, territory, district, etc. Each additional item to my new collection shall receive a small description about the item, its history and curiosities.
Note that I may add more than 1 'number one' stamp to a place. This happens as I judge that in the case of independence or any other political issue that changed the postal history or when I deemed interesting to do so. This will be noted on the posts when it happens.