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The 1800s was a period of rapid change for the country, with geographical expansion towards the west, along with great political movements, such as the Jackson era seeking more democracy. The differences between northern and southern states grew in the middle of the century, especially regarding slavery, what ultimately led to the American Civil war in the 1860s.
The first national postage stamps of the United States of America were issued on the first of July of 1847. They featured Benjamin Franklin (5 cent denomination) and George Washington (10 cent denomination), both Founding Fathers of the country and likely chosen figures who would be accepted by both northern and southern states alike. The stamps are unwatermarked, engraved on thin bluish wove paper and imperforated. They were manufactured by Rawdon, Wright, Hatch & Edson (RWH&E), thus the ‘RWH&E’ inscription on the bottom of the design.
The use of stamps at that time was still option – people could still choose for payment upon delivery of mail, but over four million stamps were used at the time. Stamp use became obligatory on the first of July of 1856 (according to the US Postal Service website).
Catalogue Value: Unused *****/******, Used ****/*****
* 0.1 - 49 USD
** 50 - 99 USD
*** 100 - 499 USD
**** 500 - 999 USD
***** 1'000 - 9'999 USD
****** + 10'0000 USD
The First Issues Blog is a place to discuss about the stamp number 1 of each country, territory, district, etc. Each additional item to my new collection shall receive a small description about the item, its history and curiosities.
Note that I may add more than 1 'number one' stamp to a place. This happens as I judge that in the case of independence or any other political issue that changed the postal history or when I deemed interesting to do so. This will be noted on the posts when it happens.