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The Brazilian Bull’s Eye was first issued on the first of August of 1843, only 3 years after the English Penny Black. Pedro II, the monarch at the time, did not allow for his effigy to be printed on the stamps, since these would be handled by ‘simple post office workers’. His idea changed years later, once stamps became popular and travelled the world, thus being good means for propaganda.
Many specialists still have doubts about where the stamps were actually printed, since Casa da Moeda (currently responsible for printing stamps and money) did not have the adequate required technology at the time and it was possible they were therefore printed abroad.
The Bull’s Eye was issued in three denominations: 30, 60 and 90 Reis. Imperforated, printed with black ink the stamps were engraved in different paper types: medium grayish (65-85 micron), thick white paper with relief on the back (85-100 micron), thin with see-through printing on the back (90-100 micron), and thick fiber yellowish paper (90-100 micron). The 90 Reis denomination was only used for international postage, and therefore scarcer than the others.
There are also items with suture watermarks, where the accidental watermarks happened during manufacture. These are quite scarce and sell at a high premium.
The cancellation of the Brazilian first stamp series occurred in the same year of its first issue. Almost half a million stamps were incinerated when it was noted they could very easily be detached from the envelopes, washed and re-used.
Catalogue Value: Unused *****, Used ****
* 0.1 - 49 USD
** 50 - 99 USD
*** 100 - 499 USD
**** 500 - 999 USD
***** 1'000 - 9'999 USD
****** + 10'0000 USD
The First Issues Blog is a place to discuss about the stamp number 1 of each country, territory, district, etc. Each additional item to my new collection shall receive a small description about the item, its history and curiosities.
Note that I may add more than 1 'number one' stamp to a place. This happens as I judge that in the case of independence or any other political issue that changed the postal history or when I deemed interesting to do so. This will be noted on the posts when it happens.